In the early stages of the disease, differentiating between Parkinson’s disease and other related diseases can be difficult. Conditions other than Parkinson’s share symptoms such as:
To differentiate between Parkinson’s disease and other diseases, the physician relies on the cause of symptoms, their location, their progression, the presence of other symptoms that are not typical of Parkinson’s disease, or imaging tests.
The following conditions are Parkinson’s related diseases
The hands are the main targets of tremors, but the head and voice can also be affected.
Unlike Parkinson’s disease, tremors affect both hands and do not decrease with movement, such as when holding a cup or writing.
These types of tremors, which are 5 times more frequent than Parkinson’s disease, have a strong hereditary component.
Normal pressure hydrocephalus is caused by an accumulation of fluid in the brain. A brain imaging test can differentiate it from Parkinson’s disease.
This neurological condition usually involves symptoms shared with Parkinson’s disease such as difficulty walking, cognitive problems, dementia and urinary problems.
Some medications can cause reversible Parkinson’s syndrome. These drugs block the activity of dopaminergic neurons, artificially causing motor symptoms similar to those of Parkinson’s disease.
Medications that can cause this syndrome are usually prescribed to treat :
Stopping these medications makes the symptoms disappear.
In these syndromes, severe symptoms are added to the typical symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
In the early stages of the disease, diagnosis is difficult. The presence of non-typical symptoms of Parkinson’s disease such as impaired vision, early falls or significant cognitive impairment will lead to a diagnosis of Parkinsonian syndrome.
Parkinsonian syndromes often progress quicker than Parkinson’s disease and, unfortunately, few therapeutic interventions are effective in alleviating the condition. Beyond the neurologist’s support, the affected person can greatly benefit from the help of other health professionals such as physiotherapists, occupational therapists, neuropsychologists and speech therapists.
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