The observed changes in speech are:
❏ Bradykinesia: articulatory movements of the mouth, tongue and lips are slower and less rapid.
❏ Trembling and small repetitive movements of the lips and tongue
❏ Frozen and rigid face that gives the impression that the person speaking has no emotions
❏ Decreased saliva control
❏ Fast speech rate and acceleration: the person speaks very fast and it may seem as if they are stuttering and parts of words are missing.
❏ Palilalia: resembles stuttering due to frequent repetition of syllables in a word (e.g., pa-pa-pa-parachute)Hypokinetic Dysarthria, a speech disorder, can manifest itself in different ways, meaning that the symptoms may differ from one person to another. In addition to changes in speech, the most common symptoms found in hypokinetic dysarthria are as follows:
Changes in voice
❏ Hoarse and hoarse voice
❏ Monotony and monointensity: the voice is not very melodious or “flat” and is always produced with the same strength (intensity) which also gives the impression that the person speaking has no emotions.
❏ Reduced voice strength: the person does not speak loudly and it can be difficult to hear them
Changes in language
❏ Delay in voice initiation or long pauses that give the impression that the person does not wish to take a turn in the conversation
❏ Difficulty following a conversation
❏ Difficulty remembering words
❏ Difficulties identifying and understanding emotions
❏ Difficulty detecting humor or sarcasm
Changes in writing
❏ Micrography (Writing gets smaller and smaller)
❏ Less accurate…